Self-image and personality traits in gender identity disorders: an empirical study

Self-image and personality traits in gender identity disorders: an empirical study


Bodlund O, Armelius K.
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital, Umea, Sweden.
Abstract [Full Text] [PDF]





Self-image and personality traits, measured by SASB and SCID screen respectively, were compared between transsexuals, patients diagnosed as Gender Identity Disorders of Adolescence and Adulthood, Non-transsexual Type (GIDAANT), and normal controls.

Transsexual and GIDAANT patients differed significantly in both their self-image and personality traits. While both the transsexuals’ and controls’ self-images were positive with self-love, the GIDAANT patients had a negative self-image.

On the SCID screen, the GIDAANT group fulfilled 39.8% of all axis II criteria; transsexuals fulfilled 28.6% versus 17.1% for the control group. Mean GAF scores (axis V) were 62, 70, and 83, respectively. For all patients a more negative self-image was significantly related to lower social functioning according to GAF and to more personality pathology according to SCID screen.

The prevalence of additional clinical axis I and II disorders was about twice as high among GIDAANT patients as among transsexuals. Although the two conditions are closely related, we found more differences than similarities in the studied aspects and a clear tendency that the GIDAANT patients had more psychopathology overall.

Although the transsexuals also differed significantly in some aspects from the controls, they showed less personality pathology and they had a normal self-image. Negative self-image, high degree of fulfilled axis II criteria, and low GAF scores seem to be corresponding factors and in this study clearly differentiate transsexuals from GIDAANT patients.


Citation: J Sex Marital Ther 1994 Winter;20(4):303-17 an article published on the Internet by PubMed <>